A number of high-profile corporate executives have recently been forced to leave their corporate jobs to lobby for a handful of companies, including BP, Caterpillar, Lockheed Martin, ExxonMobil and Procter & Gamble.
A report released Wednesday by the Center for Responsive Politics found that the number of CEOs leaving their corporate roles has tripled in the past decade, with the majority of those exits occurring between 2008 and 2016.
The report, entitled Corporate Lobbying in 2016: Corporate Executives, Lobbied by Lobbyists, and the End of Corporate Lobbyism?, highlights a number of companies that have had to step in and lobby their corporate clients in an effort to get their business done.
Among them are Dow Chemical, Dow Jones, Microsoft, Chevron, Comcast, Verizon, Procters & Gamble, Exxon Mobil, Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, Johnson, Exxon, Proctor & Gamble and Walmart.
Here are 10 of the top names on the list.
Dow Chemical Dow Chemical was the first company to become the target of a concerted effort to lobby Congress on behalf of its interests.
Dow began lobbying Congress in 2015 when it was facing a massive lawsuit over the chemical spill at its Louisiana refinery, which led to the deaths of two workers.
In response, Dow lobbied the U.S. Senate to pass a bill that would have banned all future toxic chemicals from being imported into the U, and it pushed for the U to pass an export ban on some of those chemicals.
The company has continued to lobby the U for years, with President Donald Trump signing the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) into law in 2016.
Dow has also continued to fight back against the proposed Keystone XL pipeline in the face of pressure from environmental groups.
In 2018, Dow filed a lawsuit against the Trump administration in the U and was later ordered to pay more than $4 million in fines and penalties.
Dow also fought back against a lawsuit by President Donald Trumps Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to overturn the Clean Power Plan, which was intended to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by a third by 2030.
Dow’s lobbying efforts also have made its name in the media, with many of its clients, including the National Football League, the National Hockey League and many other sports leagues, being heavily invested in Dow’s messaging.
Comcast Comcast has been a long-time supporter of the Trump Administration, and its lobbying efforts have often been highly targeted.
In 2017, Comcast was one of the first companies to lobby its corporate clients against the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade deal, which would have increased the number and reach of international trade deals in its favor.
Comcast has also lobbied for the repeal of the Clean Water Act, which has been credited with preventing the spread of invasive aquatic invasive species and has had a major impact on the local economy.
Comcast and other corporate giants have also fought against regulations that could have prevented fracking and other fracking practices in some of its local communities, and they have pushed for more transparency in the EPA.
Comcast’s lobbying effort has also played a significant role in the ongoing investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 U. S. presidential election, which resulted in President Donald T. Trump being impeached.
Comcast also fought the Trans Pacific Partnership, and in the months after the election, Comcast lobbied the House and Senate to kill the TPP.
In the Senate, Comcast joined with Republican Sens.
Lindsey Graham of South Carolina and Mike Lee of Utah to vote against the TPP in March 2018.
Comcast lobbied Congress in support of the TPP as well, with Comcast lobbying in support in February 2018 against the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement with China.
Lockheed Martin Lockheed Martin is the second largest defense contractor in the world and one of Lockheed Martin’s biggest corporate clients.
Lockheed is a defense contractor that provides technology and other services to a number a companies including Boeing, General Dynamics, Lockheed, Northrop Grumman and the United Kingdom’s Royal Navy.
In 2016, Lockheed was one the top three defense contractors lobbying Congress, with more than 4,000 individual corporate lobbying clients representing more than 200 companies.
Lockheed also lobbied against several major regulations that affected its military industry, including restrictions on offshore drilling and a cap on greenhouse gas emissions.
Lockheed was the target for several lobbying efforts during the Trump era, including efforts to ban fracking in the United States and support the Keystone XL Pipeline.
In February 2018, Lockheed lobbied the Senate to block a vote on the Keystone Pipeline.
Comcast, Boeing, and Northrop The three companies that Comcast is lobbying against in Congress represent a significant portion of the U