Indian Space Agency (ISRO) has launched the first ever satellite earth-based weather probe to study satellite earth and the atmosphere.
The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) successfully launched the PSLV-C27 on Saturday.
The satellite earth probe is equipped with a ground-based radar, infrared cameras and an imaging camera.
It is a polar polar satellite which will provide a better understanding of the climate, weather, geography and oceanography on earth, said ISRO chairman A. Srinivasan.
It is also the first satellite earth observation mission to carry instruments for ground weather forecasting.
The probe will analyse satellite weather conditions from its orbit and determine the temperature, humidity and precipitation for its respective regions.
The mission will be carried out in a series of orbits for six years.
The satellite earth has an altitude of about 1,300 kilometres and a radius of more than 3,000 kilometres.
The probe will be equipped with sensors and other equipment to gather data.