Shipping companies are facing a shortage of shipping containers as the European Union’s biggest container exporter is struggling to make up the difference.
The EU is facing a supply crunch with its largest member countries needing to import up to 90% of its container imports from outside the bloc, according to an annual report by the EU’s logistics industry.
The problem has been exacerbated by the influx of more than two million migrants from Africa, Asia and the Middle East since the beginning of the year.
The report said that more than 100,000 container ships are running low on cargo capacity and are currently unloading in Greece and Turkey, which are both home to more than a million migrants.
There is an urgent need to expand container transport to India, which is expected to overtake Europe as the biggest container market by 2020, it said.
The report also said that in 2019 the number of containers exported from the EU increased by 4.4% to a total of 9.2 million tonnes, and in 2020, by 7.1% to 10.1 million tonnes.
In addition, more than 1,000 new container ships have been commissioned this year to deliver supplies to Europe.
The container shipping industry employs some 7,000 people in Europe and the United States, but the problem of low capacity in container ships has been highlighted by the closure of the European-Norwegian Container Freight Line (E.N.C.F.) in the past year.
This will make it nearly impossible for European shipping companies to access the United Kingdom, the report said.
C.F. chairman Martin O’Leary said that the closure is an indication that the European Container Freighter Association (ECFA) is struggling.
“The closure of E.
(the container freight division) is a very sad reflection of the situation in the container industry,” he said.”
There is a real need to address the supply crunch in the industry and it needs to be done urgently.”
N, which runs the E.P.A. and the EU Customs Service, has been struggling with the shortage of containers since its inception in 2011, but has now been restructured into a new entity called the European Freight Association.
The new organization will be chaired by the former head of the container freight company E.W. Schoenfeld.
As containers, which were first used by the German navy during World War II, are now being used by several shipping companies including Germany’s H.C., which is the biggest carrier of containers in Europe.